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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Dai Viet Flag (Tay Son Dynasty)
Dai Viet Flag (Tay Son Dynasty)
Grand Prince Trần Hưng Đạo, was an imperial prince, statesman and military commander of Đại Việt during the Trần Dynasty.
Grand Prince Trần Hưng Đạo, was an imperial prince, statesman and military commander of Đại Việt during the Trần Dynasty.
Decisive defeat of the Kublei Khan's Mongol fleet and army in 1288 in the battle of Bach Dang River by the Dai-Viet.
Decisive defeat of the Kublei Khan's Mongol fleet and army in 1288 in the battle of Bach Dang River by the Dai-Viet.
Hoa Lư – Đại Cồ Việt Imperial Capital
Hoa Lư – Đại Cồ Việt Imperial Capital
Mông Đồng 艨艟 is a class of near-shore warship and riverine boat that played a dominant role in medieval Vietnamese naval forces for over a thousand years.
Mông Đồng 艨艟 is a class of near-shore warship and riverine boat that played a dominant role in medieval Vietnamese naval forces for over a thousand years.
East Asian states circa AD 1100
East Asian states circa AD 1100
History of Vietnam
(Geographic 
 Renaming
)
Map of Vietnam showing the conquest of the south (the Nam tiến, 1069-1757).
2879–2524 BC Xích Quỷ
2524–258 BC Văn Lang
257–179 BC Âu Lạc
204–111 BC Nam Việt
111 BC – 40 AD Giao Chỉ
40–43 Lĩnh Nam
43–299 Giao Chỉ
299–544 Giao Châu
544–602 Vạn Xuân
602–679 Giao Châu
679–757 An Nam
757–766 Trấn Nam
766–866 An Nam
866–967 Tĩnh Hải quân
968–1054 Đại Cồ Việt
1054–1400 Đại Việt
1400–1407 Đại Ngu
1407–1427 Giao Chỉ
1428–1804 Đại Việt
1804–1839 Việt Nam
1839–1945 Đại Nam
1887–1954 French Indochina (Tonkin,
Annam, & Cochinchina)
from 1945 Việt Nam
Main template
History of Vietnam

Đại Việt (大越, IPA: [ɗâjˀ vìət], literally Great Viet) is the name of Vietnam for the periods from 1054 to 1400 and 1428 to 1804. Beginning with the rule of Lý Thánh Tông (r. 1054–1072), the third emperor of the Lý Dynasty, until the rule of Gia Long (r. 1802–1820), the first emperor of the Nguyễn Dynasty, it was the second-longest used name for the country after "Văn Lang".[1]

History

Beginning with the rule of Đinh Tiên Hoàng (r. 968–979), the country had been referred to officially as Đại Cồ Việt (大瞿越); cồ () in the name of Gautama Buddha (瞿曇·喬達摩). The term "Việt" is the same as the Chinese word "Yue", a name in ancient times of various non-Chinese groups who lived in what is now northern/southern China and northern Vietnam; the full name means "Great Buddhist Viet". In 1010 Lý Thái Tổ, founder of the Lý Dynasty, issued the "Edict on the Transfer of the Capital" and moved the capital of Đại Cồ Việt to Thăng Long (Hanoi) and built the Imperial Citadel of Thăng Long where the Hanoi Citadel would later stand.

In 1054, Lý Thánh Tông – the third Lý emperor – renamed the country Đại Việt. In 1149 the Lý dynasty opened Vân Đồn seaport in the modern north-eastern province of Quảng Ninh to foreign trade.[a]

The Dai Viet successfully stopped attacks by the Khmer Empire under Suryavarman II in 1128, 1132, and 1138. A final expedition in 1150 had to withdraw before it could attack.[3]

Dai Viet is a strategic location. By invading Dai Viet, the Mongols would be able to bypass the Himalaya and drive deep into South East Asia. However, the Mongolians of the Yuan Dynasty invaded Dai Viet three times and were defeated. The last battle, the Battle of Bach Dang, was a decisive defeat for the Mongolians. Dai Viet's perseverance thrwarted Mongolian attempts to conquer South East Asia and prevented the fourth Mongolian invasion of Japan, as the Mongol navy was completely destroyed during Bach Dang. This became one the greatest victories in Vietnamese military history.

In 1400, the founder of the Hồ dynasty, Hồ Quý Ly usurped the throne and changed the country's name to "Đại Ngu" (大虞). 7 years later, in 1407, Vietnam fell under Ming dynasty domination, which lasted for 20 years until 1427. The Ming renamed the area "Jiaozhi". In 1428, Lê Lợi, the founder of the Lê dynasty, liberated Jiaozhi and restored the kingdom of "Đại Việt".

The name "Đại Việt" came to end when the Nguyễn dynasty took power. The country's name was officially changed yet again, in 1804, this time to "Việt Nam" (越南) by Gia Long.

Party

The name Đại Việt was also taken by one of the nationalist factions in 1936.[b]

See also

Notes

  1. ^ An embryonic independent Vietnamese administration was established and progressively renewed which laid a solid foundation for the development of the Vietnamese Kingdom of Đại Việt (Great Việt) during the Lý (1010−1226), Trần (1226-1400), and the early stage of the Lê (1428-1788) Dynasties. In 1149, Javanese and Siamese merchants arrived eager to trade with Đại Việt. The Lý Dynasty opened Vân Đồn seaport in the modern north-eastern province of Quảng Ninh for foreign trade.[2]
  2. ^ When Nguyễn Hải Thần and his Việt Cách, the Việt Quốc, the Đại Việt, and others arrived in Hà Nội with their small armed forces, the Việt Minh had already established their administrative system; it was not strong, but it had spread to most of the provinces.[4]

Citations

  1. ^ Dai Viet - Historical Kingdom, Vietnam.
  2. ^ Hoàng Anh Tuấn, pp. 16-17.
  3. ^ Coedes, p. 160.
  4. ^ Nguyen Công Luan, p. 41.

References

Coedès, George (1968). Walter F. Vella (ed.). The Indianized States of Southeast Asia. Trans: Susan Brown Cowing. University of Hawaii Press. ISBN 978-0-8248-0368-1.
"Dai Viet - Historical Kingdom, Vietnam". Encyclopedia Britannica. Encyclopedia Britannica, Inc. 2019.
Hoang Anh Tuấn (2007). Silk for Silver: Dutch-Vietnamese relations, 1637-1700. Brill. ISBN 978-9-04-742169-6.
Nguyen Công Luan (2012). Nationalist in the Viet Nam Wars: Memoirs of a Victim Turned Soldier. Indiana University Press. ISBN 978-0-25-335687-1.

External links

This page was last edited on 26 November 2019, at 16:39
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