To install click the Add extension button. That's it.

The source code for the WIKI 2 extension is being checked by specialists of the Mozilla Foundation, Google, and Apple. You could also do it yourself at any point in time.

Kelly Slayton
Congratulations on this excellent venture… what a great idea!
Alexander Grigorievskiy
I use WIKI 2 every day and almost forgot how the original Wikipedia looks like.
What we do. Every page goes through several hundred of perfecting techniques; in live mode. Quite the same Wikipedia. Just better.

Émile Gaboriau

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Émile Gaboriau
Emile Gaboriau BNF Gallica.jpg
Born(1832-11-09)9 November 1832
Saujon, France
Died28 September 1873(1873-09-28) (aged 36)
Paris, France
GenreDetective fiction
Notable worksMonsieur Lecoq (1868)

Émile Gaboriau (9 November 1832 – 28 September 1873) was a French writer, novelist, journalist, and a pioneer of detective fiction.

YouTube Encyclopedic

  • 1/3
    1 572
  • Monsieur Lecoq 1/5 - Émile Gaboriau ( AudioBook FR )
  • Monsieur Lecoq 3/5 - Émile Gaboriau ( AudioBook FR )
  • Monsieur Lecoq by Émile GABORIAU read by Ezwa Part 1/3 | Full Audio Book


Early life

Gaboriau was born in the small town of Saujon, Charente-Maritime. He was the son of Charles Gabriel Gaboriau, a public official and his mother was Marguerite Stéphanie Gaboriau.[1] Gaboriau became a secretary to Paul Féval, and after publishing some novels and miscellaneous writings, found his real gift in L'Affaire Lerouge (1866).[2][3]

Literary life

Gaboriau's novel L'Affaire Lerouge is widely considered as the first detective story in France. Its structure is characterized as a flashback into the past that serves to inform a present mystery.[4] Influenced by Baudelaire's translations of the stories of Edgar Allan Poe,[5] this work introduced an amateur detective and a young police officer named Monsieur Lecoq, who was the hero in three of Gaboriau's later detective novels. The character of Lecoq was based on a real-life thief turned police officer, Eugène François Vidocq (1775–1857), whose own memoirs, Les Vrais Mémoires de Vidocq, mixed fiction and fact. It may also have been influenced by the villainous Monsieur Lecoq, one of the main protagonists of Féval's Les Habits Noirs book series. Gaboriau was likely influenced also by the philosophy of positivism, promoted by Auguste Comte, which promoted the idea that science could answer all questions. Gaboriau's investigators rely heavily on newly developing scientific methodologies in their pursuit of criminals rather than simply on interrogation and eyewitnesses.[5]

L'Affaire Lerouge was published as a series in the daily Le Soleil and at once made his reputation.[6] Its recounting of a reclusive woman who is murdered for the secret she hides gained for Gaboriau a huge following.[7] But when Arthur Conan Doyle created Sherlock Holmes, Monsieur Lecoq's international fame declined. The story was produced on the stage in 1872. A long series of novels dealing with the annals of the police court followed, and proved very popular.[3] Gaboriau died in Paris of pulmonary apoplexy.

Gaboriau's books were generally well received. About The Mystery of the Orcival, Harper's wrote in 1872: "Of its class of romance—French sensational—this is a remarkable and unique specimen".[8] A film version of Le Dossier n° 113 (File No. 113) was released in 1932.[9]

In A Study in Scarlet, Arthur Conan Doyle has Watson ask Sherlock Holmes what he thinks of Gaboriau's work. Holmes disparages Lecoq as "a miserable bungler".


First edition of Monsieur Lecoq
First edition of Monsieur Lecoq


Mariages d'aventure

  1. Monsieur J.-D. de Saint-Roch, ambassadeur matrimonial – The Matrimonial Ambassador: Monsieur J. D. de Saint-Roch (1862)
  2. Promesses de mariage – Promises of Marriage (1862)

Lecoq & Others

  1. L'Affaire Lerouge (1866) – The Widow Lerouge / The Lerouge Affair
  2. Le Crime d'Orcival (1867) – The Mystery of Orcival
  3. Le Dossier n° 113 (1867) – Dossier No. 113 / File No. 113 / The Blackmailers translated by Fred Williams
  4. Les Esclaves de Paris (1868, 2 vol.) – Slaves of Paris (Le Chantage – Caught in the Net) and (Le Secret de la Maison de Champdoce – The Champdoce Mystery)
  5. Monsieur Lecoq (1869, 2 vol. – L'Enquête – The Inquiry / Monsieur Lecoq / The Detective's Dilemma) and ( L'Honneur du nom – The Honor of the Name / The Detective's Triumph)
  6. La Vie infernale (1870, 2 vol.) – The Count's Millions (Pascal et Marguerite – The Count's Millions) and (Lia d'Argeles – Baron Trigault's Vengeance)
  7. La Clique dorée (1871) – The Clique of Gold / The Gilded Clique
  8. La Dégringolade (1872) – Catastrophe / The Downward Path
  9. La Corde au cou (1873) – Rope Around His Neck / In Peril of His Life / In Deadly Peril
  10. L'Argent des autres (1874) – Other People's Money / A Great Robbery
  11. Une Disparition (1876) – A Disappearance / Missing! / 1000 Francs Reward


  • Le treizième Hussards (1861) – The 13th Hussars
  • Les Gens de Bureau (1862) – The Men of the Bureau
  • Les comédiennes adorées (1863)
  • Le Petit Vieux des Batignolles (1876) – The Little Old Man of Batignolles
  • Le Capitaine Coutanceau (1878) – Captain Coutanceau
  • Maudite maison (1876) – The Unfortunate House
  • Casta vixit (1876) – Love, the Conqueror
  • Amours d'une empoisonneuse (1881) – Intrigues of a Poisoner / An Adventuress of France / The Marquise De Brinvilliers



  1. ^ Bonniot, Roger (1985). Emile Gabriel ou la naissance du roman policier. Paris: J. Vrin.
  2. ^ "Biography of Emile Gaboriau". n.d. Retrieved 21 June 2017.
  3. ^ a b  One or more of the preceding sentences incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainChisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Gaboriau, Émile". Encyclopædia Britannica. Vol. 11 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. p. 381.
  4. ^ Goulet, Andrea (2010). "Lecoq cartographe : plan des lieux et terrains vagues dans le roman judiciaire". Romantisme (in French). 149 (3): 39. doi:10.3917/rom.149.0039. ISSN 0048-8593.
  5. ^ a b Bell, David F. (1998). "Reading Corpses: Interpretive Violence". SubStance. 27 (2): 92–105. doi:10.2307/3685652. JSTOR 3685652.
  6. ^ Tilleuil, Jean-Louis (2005). "Enquête sociocritique sur l'Affaire Lerouge (1866), Emile Gaboriau". Romantisme. 127: 105–123. doi:10.3917/rom.127.0105 – via Persée.
  7. ^ LEE, SUSANNA (2015). "L'Affaire Lerouge: Nineteenth-Century Juries and the Violence of Authorship". Nineteenth-Century French Studies. 44 (1/2): 79–94. ISSN 0146-7891. JSTOR 44122739.
  8. ^ "Editor's literary record" (PDF), Harper's Magazine: 781, April 1872[permanent dead link]
  9. ^ "A Gaboriau Novel. - The New York Times". The New York Times. 20 February 1932.

External links

This page was last edited on 15 February 2023, at 21:10
Basis of this page is in Wikipedia. Text is available under the CC BY-SA 3.0 Unported License. Non-text media are available under their specified licenses. Wikipedia® is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia Foundation, Inc. WIKI 2 is an independent company and has no affiliation with Wikimedia Foundation.