To install click the Add extension button. That's it.

The source code for the WIKI 2 extension is being checked by specialists of the Mozilla Foundation, Google, and Apple. You could also do it yourself at any point in time.

4,5
Kelly Slayton
Congratulations on this excellent venture… what a great idea!
Alexander Grigorievskiy
I use WIKI 2 every day and almost forgot how the original Wikipedia looks like.
Live Statistics
English Articles
Improved in 24 Hours
Added in 24 Hours
Languages
Recent
Show all languages
What we do. Every page goes through several hundred of perfecting techniques; in live mode. Quite the same Wikipedia. Just better.
.
Leo
Newton
Brights
Milds

Éclairs sur l'au-delà...

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Éclairs sur l’Au-Delà … (Lightning Over the Beyond … ) is an orchestral work by Olivier Messiaen, written in 1988–91, his last completed composition.[1] Commissioned by the New York Philharmonic for its 150th anniversary in 1992, Éclairs was first performed by that orchestra at Lincoln Center with Zubin Mehta conducting on 5 November of the anniversary year, just over six months after the composer's death.[2]

“Éclairs” are flashes of lightning; “sur” translates in this context as over rather than on (cf. éclairs sur Paris, lightning over London); “l’Au-Delà,” capitalized, refers to the Hereafter, the Afterlife, or, literally, the Beyond. Messiaen is extending the imagery of the heavenly “city” with pearly “gates” described in the Book of Revelation. The weather event has the “light,” representing Jesus, and links to space and astronomy — two of the three threads in the 70-minute composition. Expression of theological ideas from the Roman Catholic faith, and an often ecstatic intention, are characteristic of the composer.

The third thread, birdsong, is transcribed into several of the eleven movements of the score. The specific birdsong used originates in Australia, New Zealand, Papua New Guinea and Singapore. Messiaen's sole visit to Australia was during that country's bicentennial celebrations in 1988, during the period he was writing Éclairs. Although earlier works (for example, Saint Francis of Assisi) had included Australian birdsong, Éclairs sur l’Au-Delà … is Messiaen's only work to use the sounds of Australian birds he notated in the wild.[citation needed] Messiaen's modes of limited transposition, another of his favorite techniques, are also used. The movements are:

  1. Apparition du Christ glorieux (Apparition of the Glorious Christ)
  2. La constellation du Sagittaire (The Constellation of Sagittarius)
  3. L’oiseau-lyre et la ville-fiancée (The Lyrebird and the Bridal City)
  4. Les élus marqués du sceau (The Elected Ones Marked With the Seal)
  5. Demeurer dans l’amour (To Abide in Love)
  6. Les Sept Anges aux sept trompettes (The Seven Angels On the Seven Trumpets)
  7. Et Dieu essuiera toute larme de leurs yeux (And God Will Wipe Every Tear From Their Eyes)
  8. Les étoiles et la gloire (The Stars and Glory)
  9. Plusieurs oiseaux des arbres de vie (Several Birds of the Trees of Life)
  10. Le chemin de l’invisible (The Way of the Invisible)
  11. Le Christ, lumière du Paradis (The Christ, Light of Paradise)

Instrumentation

The work is scored for an orchestra of 128, consisting of :

Notes

  1. ^ Messiaen's last work, Concert à quatre, was left among his papers, and was completed by Yvonne Loriod and George Benjamin.[citation needed]
  2. ^ "Éclairs sur l'Au-Delà (1988-1991)" (in French). Paris: IRCAM. Archived from the original on 20 November 2018. Retrieved 15 October 2020.
This page was last edited on 31 January 2021, at 21:01
Basis of this page is in Wikipedia. Text is available under the CC BY-SA 3.0 Unported License. Non-text media are available under their specified licenses. Wikipedia® is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia Foundation, Inc. WIKI 2 is an independent company and has no affiliation with Wikimedia Foundation.